History of Baking
History of Baking

What is Baking?

Baking is a form of cooking where you cook flour-based food under prolonged heating. Oven is generally used to bake food but there are a few other methods to bake food without an oven. Homestead Honey mentions a few ways of baking without oven. I experimented the baking without oven by baking cookies without oven.

Bread is the first thing that comes in your mind when you think of baking. However cookies, cakes, muffins and many other foods are also popular in baking.

The history of Baking

The world’s oldest oven, around 6500 years old, was discovered in Croatia in 2014. Bread baking began in Ancient Greece around 600 BC. (Source Wikipedia)

Egyptians were pioneers in baking and the traces of their baking are as old as 2600 B.C. (Source Baking Times). Egyptians were the one who started baking breads using yeast.

Baking History

Baking and its Importance

Baking was traditionally done at home by women, generally for the family. Commercially, men used to bake in bakeries and restaurants. Baked goodies, especially breads are one of the most important part of our day to day food.  Human beings have been baking for ages. The history of baking is deep enough to encourage you to start baking at home. Baking is simple and can start with a few basic baking tools and equipment’s.

European and American cuisines have high importance of baking. The cuisine looks incomplete without breads, cakes, pastries etc. that forms a major part of their food. In Asian countries Chapati is the most common bread in the food. Chapati is one of the simplest form of baking without oven.

Advantages of Baking

Baking enhances the flavour and aroma of the food. For those who have been baking at home, they know what I mean when I talk about aroma of baking. Baking can expand the possibilities of making a food healthier. People are moving from deep fried stuff to baked goodies.

Baking is no longer just all-purpose flour, white sugar and butter baked together. Health conscious people have taken baking to a different level. People now bake with millets, whole wheat flour and multigrain flour. They avoid sugar and extract sweetness naturally. This Ragi cookies recipe with Jaggery is a fantastic example of the same.

History of Cake Baking

The history of cakes date back to ancient times. Initial cakes were way too different from today’s exotic cakes. The cakes in olden times were more bread like with sugar or honey added to them. The word cake was derived from Old Norse word “kaka”. Oxford dictionary traces the word “cake” back to 13th century.

Historian claims Europeans to have baked the first modern round cake with icing on it. Cakes are made from various combinations of flour, butter, shortening, eggs, sugar, honey, baking powder, and baking soda and flavoring agents. Internet is full of cake recipes.

A typical question that people have asked time and again is why baking at home? For them buying a bread from market is cheap and easy than doing it at home. I know a short answer will never appropriately answer this question. So I wrote my detailed answer in my post “14 reasons that will make you love baking at home”.

Doubts, questions, suggestion, please share in the comment box.

 

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